Web Accessibility: The Complete Learning Guide

Development
Oct 19, 2022
8 Mins Read
Web Accessibility: The Complete Learning Guide

Creating content, structure, and tools online that are accessible to people of all abilities is the goal of web accessibility. Understand the basics of making your website accessible to all.

What is Web accessibility?

The term “web accessibility” refers to the need for websites to use technology and solutions created to improve the user experience for people with disabilities in terms of their ability to read content, make contributions, navigate the site, and interact with its many components. Those unfamiliar with accessibility may find it difficult to understand its importance, yet it should be included in all aspects of the user experience. Website accessibility should be considered from the start of the design and development process.

The Requirement for Web Accessibility Standards

When designing an accessible website, there are four primary web accessibility guidelines to keep in mind, as outlined in the most recent WCAG standards. You may find instructions for making your site more accessible to users with abilities by following these four guiding principles. Those are up next, but first, let’s go over the basics again.

1. Easily observable

The information and material offered on your website must be perceivable by visitors.

Remember that “perceive” does not always mean “see with one’s eyes”; users with limited or no vision may rely on the screen reader software to have written material read aloud or converted into braille.

2. Workable

Websites in working order don’t cause any difficulties for the user. Everyone who visits the site has full access to all of its features, such as-

  • Page navigation 
  • Link selection
  • Media playback
  • Stopping 

The most usable websites are those that are easy to navigate, don’t contain a lot of unnecessary frills, and are generally unobtrusive.

3. Understandable

Website visitors should have no trouble understanding the text and visuals they see on your site. In addition to being challenging to understand for the average visitor, too complex or verbose language also prevents users with cognitive difficulties or impairments, or those who do not speak the site’s primary language, from fully utilizing its resources.

Your site’s structure should follow these web accessibility guidelines as well. Website users expect to find standard navigation options on most, if not all, pages.

4. Robust

Your site’s content should be accessible to all users, including those who need tools like screen readers for information. Simply put, this means making sure that assistive technology can read your HTML code without the need for images or other visual cues.

5. HTML 4 Accessibility

Behind-the-scenes HTML edits can greatly enhance accessibility. It is crucial that your websites make sense from a markup perspective since assistive technology – such as screen readers, sometimes rely on the markup rather than what is visually output to the browser.

6. Theme Developers

It is important for theme designers to keep accessibility in mind. It’s necessary to lay the basis for someone who buys a theme but may not have the awareness or knowledge to make sure the website they create is accessible.

Use the term “Accessible WordPress” to find templates made with accessibility in mind on Themeforest.

Wrapping It Up

MegaMinds provide specialized instruction and consultation services, as well as testing for and developing accessible websites. We are happy to talk about your Web accessibility needs and answer any questions you may have.

FAQs

1. What is Web Accessibility Toolbar?

The Web Accessibility Toolbar, or WAT, is an extension for Internet Explorer and other browsers that can help you determine whether or not a website is accessible according to the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines version.

2. What organization is responsible for controlling user access to Web accessibility?

If you’re curious about who’s in control of the online accessibility program and who’s accountable for enforcing rules globally, the answer is everyone.

The folks that produce the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG; which we’ll look at below) are the folks who make up the Web Accessibility Initiative (WIP) of The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

3. Why should you worry about Web accessibility?

Web accessibility makes your website and content more user-friendly for all visitors. Those with impairments and limits include:

  • Blindness
  • Low-vision
  • Mental retardation
  • Deafness
  • Speech disabilities
  • Physical disabilities

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